Statue of Nymph Restored as Muse (1 Century A.D.)
The figure is resting on its left leg, while the bent right leg is placed slightly behind to one side. The outstretched left hand formerly held an ~ attribute (substituted_in the restoration by a globe); the right arm hangs down the figure’s side. The thin sleeveless chiton has slipped off the left shoulder, leaving a breast bare. It is secured round the hips by a double plaited girdle that gathers its folds. The material adheres to the body, revealing its forms with a transparent effect and, falling to the ground, forms two bands of vertical folds, one between the legs and the other on the left side. The short cloak, one edge of which rests on the right shoulder, covers the figure’s back, falling onto the left arm and hanging down from this. This present statue is a_variant of the Louvre—Naples Aphrodite type, also in this room (no. 5), from which it differs due to the marked raising of the left side and the girdle on the hips. The modification of the gesture of the arm causes the mantle to flow differently over the figure’s right side. The origins of the present statue are still in debate: some scholars believe it to be a copy of the Imperial period-after-a-late-Hellenistic prototype,-which recalls — be- sides the Louvre—Naples Aphrodite — Pasiteles’ Electra; others, comparing it with the copy in the Galleria Colonna, Rome (restored as a Muse), consider it to be a Pergamene version of a similar subject of the late Sth century B.C. However, the late Hellenistic dating appears to be confirmed, although it has been hypothesized that the proto type was Rhodian, which is suggested ” by the frontality of the pose and the slenderness of the shoulders compared with the width of the hips. This is realistically stressed by the girdle and the folds hanging vertically in contrast with the adherent drapery. In view of the rounded forms of the body and the handling of the drapery, sculpted without the use of the drill, the present statue may be dated to the Ist century A.D.