STATUE OF ARTEMIS (140 A.D.)
The head has a regular, symmetrically oval shape, the chin is small, as is the half-open mouth; the thick-lidded eyes are elongated and a slight reduction in size of the left eye may be noticed, which may indicate that originally the head was inclined to this side. The hair is parted in the middle and secured by a hairband, while the tresses shell outwards over the temples, leaving the ears partially free. The present head, which was executed during Hadrian’s reign, is a copy made after a prototype datable to the 5th or 4th centuries B.C.
The statue is a Roman copy made after the Artemis of the Colonna type, another later copy of which, placed symmetrically on the other side of the door, has already been described. The restorer has altered the position of the arms, which is better preserved in the other copy. In this version the goddess’s right arm is lowered, while with the left, which is raised and bent, she is drawing an arrow from her quiver. This mistakenly protrudes from behind her left shoulder, while the position of the baldric shows that originally it was on her right shoulder. The undulating edge of the overfold clearly divides the two different ways of rendering the drapery: wide waves in the upper part, where concentric rings of folds highlight the swell of the belly, while deep vertical folds in the cloth between the legs produce a notable chiaroscuro effect. Because of its classicistic style and the handling of the drapery, this copy may be dated to around A.D. 140.