Head of Goddess Restored as Isis (140 A.D.)
The bust stands on a pedestal bearing a relief on the front depicting two bulls facing each other and flanking a basket of fruit on two scroll ornaments. The figure is wearing a short cloak fastened on her right shoulder with a fibula, leaving her right breast bare. Her head is slightly turned to the right. Her long oval face has thick eyelids with notably arched eyebrows and a small mouth with full lips; it is framed by the hair, which, un- der her diadem, is parted in the middle, then descends in wavy tresses under her ears and is gathered at the nape of her neck.This figure, considered to be the Roman earth goddess Tellus by Paul Arndt and Georg Lippold because of the relief on the pedestal, was identified as Isis by Raissa Calza. Later Hans Joachim Kruse recognized that the fragment of Gottingen, dating from the late Hadrianic period, was another copy after the same model, with a kalathos — a hat in the form of a basket that was an attribute of Minerva, Ceres and other goddesses of fertility. In this case, the remains of the kalathos may have sug- gested the restoration of the forelock. As far as the prototype is concerned, this is the classicistic elaboration of a model dating from around the mid-5th century B.C., as is demonstrated by the facial features.